Jorge Luis Borges: Selected Study Materials on the Web

Compiled by Ralph Dumain

On other sites

Google Doodle 24 August 2011:
Jorge Luis Borges (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986)
(Click on image for links)

Jorge Luis Borges - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Recognition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Borges Center

Borges: Garden of Forking Paths

The Garden of Jorge Luis Borges
    Site of Paul M. Willenberg

Babel Borges

Jorge Luis Borges Reviews by Evelyn C. Leeper.
   [Note relation to uchronia /note alternate history]

Jorge Luis Borges – Miscelánea
   [See also supplementary bibliography below]

Collected Ficciones of Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Andrew Hurley

Dr. Brodie’s Report by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Norman Thomas Di Giovanni
    [See inter aliaGuayaquil”]

Other Inquisitions: 1937-1952 by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Ruth L. C. Simms
    Introduction by James Irby (on this page)
    "The Modesty of History" by Jorge Luis Borges (on this page)

Otras inquisiciones (1952)

Avatars of the Tortoise” by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by J. E. I.

On the Cult of Books” by Jorge Luis Borges

Stories and Summaries

     The Circular Ruins (Full Text)
     The Library of Babel (Full Text)

Jorge Luis Borges Poems @

    Poems about Borges

Jorge Luis Borges: MENÚ DE POEMAS

“The Golem” (El Golem, 1964, in El otro, el mismo) by Jorge Luis Borges: several translations online, including translations by:

Juan Ribó Chalmeta & Irina Urumova, with original
James Honzik
Alan S. Trueblood
Frank Thomas Smith

Everness by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by A.Z. Foreman,
with the original Spanish poem: text & sound file

Spinoza by Jorge Luis Borges, poem in Spanish

PARÍS, 1856 (Borges poem about Heine in Spanish)

Paris, 1856 by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Robert Mezey

Nostalgia for the Present by Jorge Luis Borges

The Art of Poetry - Arte Poética by Jorge Luis Borges (video with text, & music by Ástor Piazzolla)

'The Analytical Language of John Wilkins' (originally 'El idioma analítico de John Wilkins' ) by Jorge Luis Borges
    Translated by Lilia Graciela Vázquez
    Translated by Will Fitzgerald
    Spanish original & English translation

Before Esperanto..., Jeremy's journal (READIN blog), 2 November 2009

Llull, Bruno, Borges, and the fourth dimension

Borges on Hinton

Charles Hinton and His Cubes by David Auerbach

Preface to Ray Bradbury's "The Martian Chronicles", by Jorge Luis Borges by Jorge Luis Borges
    (trans. “Captain Wilder”; translation also plus additional comments son the Ray Bradbury site)

Bradbury, Borges, and the Future of Media by Austin Allen (Big Think)

The Garden of Forking Paths by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Donald A. Yates

The Garden of Forking Paths by Jorge Luis Borges (different translation)

The Secret Miracle” by Jorge Luis Borges

Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote by Jorge Luis Borges

Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote by Jorge Luis Borges

Pierre Menard, author of the Principia by Basileios Drolias

One Man’s Opinion: “Utopia of a Tired Man” by Jorge Luis Borges, read by C. R. Stapor (Oct. 4, 2017)

"Borges and I" / "Borges y Yo" by Jorge Luis Borges
    Borges y Yo (Borges reads in Spanish [YouTube])
    Translation in Labyrinths
    Borges and I, Borges Y Yo (Antonios Sarhanis)

"The Witness" by Jorge Luis Borges
     Translation by Andrew 
     Translation by Norman Thomas di Giovanni
     Translation by Anthony Kerrigan
     Translation by Mildred Boyer
     Translation by Andras Corban Arthen

A Dialogue About a Dialogue” by Jorge Luis Borges
    [Note: immortality & Macedonio Fernández]

Blindness (1977) by Jorge Luis Borges

The Art of Fiction by Jorge Luis Borges, interviewed by Ronald Christ (July 1966), The Paris Review, 1967

A Conversation With Jorge Luis Borges by Daniel Bourne (April 25, 1980) in Artful Dodge

A New Refutation of Time” (1947) by Jorge Luis Borges

Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius” by Jorge Luis Borges. In English and Spanish.

The Aleph
(‘El Aleph’, 1945, by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Norman Thomas Di Giovanni)

The Aleph (short story) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United Infinity: Borges & The Aleph (2009)
by Zachary McCune

Hopelessness and Potency: Borges' "El Aleph"
by Santiago Colas

"Wells and Borges and the Labyrinths of Time" by Robert M. Philmus, Science-Fiction Studies 10.4 (1974)

Bodying Forth the Impossible: Metamorphosis, Mortality, and Aesthetics in the Works of Jorge Luis Borges
by Heather Lisa Dubnick

The Unimaginable Mathematics of Borges' Library of Babel by William Goldbloom Bloch, Oxford University Press, 2008

Borges, Nietzsche, Cantor: Narratives of Influence by Gisle Selnes, Ciberletras 6

Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pierre Menard (fictional character) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Why Jorge Luis Borges Wished He Was an 'Israelite': A Poet's Abstract Embrace of a People as a Literary Symbol
by Ilan Stavans
The Jewish Daily Forward, August 6, 1999

In Borges' Shadow
(Review of The Lesson of the Master by Norman Thomas Di Giovanni)
by Kimberly Brown
Janus Head, Summer 2005 | 8.1

An Eternal Engine by Wayne Clements
[on Llull, Swift, Borges, & computer-generated writing]

"Text" and "Network", Reconsidered (2007)
by Florian Cramer

Words Made Flesh: Code, Culture, Imagination (2005)
by Florian Cramer

Literary Philosophers: Borges, Calvino, Eco, edited by Jorge J. E. Gracia, Carolyn Korsmeyer, Rodolphe Gasché. New York: Routledge, 2002. Contents. See also excerpt from Zamora.

Carolyn Korsmeyer, “Literary Philosophers: Introductory Remarks,” pp. 1-13.
Deborah Knight, “Intersections: Philosophy and Literature, or Why Ethical Criticism Prefers Realism,” pp. 15-26.
Irwin, William. “Philosophy and the Philosophical, Literature and the Literary, Borges and the Labyrinthine ,” pp. 27-45.
Lois Parkinson Zamora, “Borges’s Monsters: Unnatural Wholes and the Transformation of Genre,” pp. 47-84.
Jorge J. E. Gracia, “Borges’s ‘Pierre Menard’: Philosophy or Literature?”, pp. 85-107. Expanded & revised version of original journal article (see below).
Anthony J. Cascardi, “Mimesis and Modernism: The Case of Jorge Luis Borges,” pp. 109-127.
Elizabeth Millán-Zaibert, “A Method for the New Millennium: Calvino and Irony,” pp. 129-148.
Henry Sussman, “The Writing of the System: Borges’s Library and Calvino’s Traffic,” pp. 149-164.
Rocco Capozzi, “Knowledge and Cognitive Practices in Eco’s Labyrinths of Intertextuality,” pp. 165-184.
Wladimir Krysinski, “Borges, Calvino, Eco: The Philosophies of Metafiction,” pp. 185-204.
Ermanno Bencivenga, “Philosophy and Literature in Calvino’s Tales,” pp. 205-221.
Notes on Contributors

Borges’s ‘Pierre Menard’: Philosophy or Literature?” by Jorge J. E. Gracia, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, vol. 59, no. 1, Winter 2001, pp. 45-57. See also my review: Borges Revisited (10): ‘Pierre Menard’: Philosophy or Literature?.

Borges’ Ironic Metaphysics: The Way of the Same and the Way of Ts’ui Pen” by Hugo Moreno.

See also abstract by R. Dumain.

The Writing of Forking Paths: Borges, Calvino, and Postmodern Models of Writing,” by Floyd Merrell, Variaciones Borges 3, 1997, pp. 56-68.

"Chaosmos of Labyrinths" HTML | PDF
by Liberato Santoro-Brienza
Vanderbilt e-Journal of Luso-Hispanic Studies 3 (2006). (Special issue: Borges escritor del siglo XXI)

Borges as Antiphilosopher
by Bruno Bosteels
Vanderbilt e-Journal of Luso-Hispanic Studies 3 (2006): 23-31. (Special issue: Borges escritor del siglo XXI)

“The Truth Is In the Making: Borges and Pragmatism” BNET | Scribd
by Bruno Bosteels
The Romanic Review 98.2-3 (2007): 135-151

Jorge Luis Borges and WJ
by Jaime Nubiola
Streams of William James, Volume 1, Issue 3, Winter 2000

WJ and Borges Again: The Riddle of the Correspondence with Macedonio Fernández
by Jaime Nubiola
Streams of William James, Volume 3, Issue 2, Fall 2001

Macedonio Fernández: The Man Who Invented Borges
Essay by Marcelo Ballvé

Does Everything Exist to End up in a Book? Mallarmé and the Aftermath
by Nadežda Čačinovič

Borges, the Apologist for Idealism
Marina Martín
Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Boston, Massachusetts, August 10-15, 1998

Borges, Nietzsche, Cantor: Narratives of Influence
Gisle Selnes

Games With Infinity: The Fictions of Jorge Luis Borges
Martin Johnston

Borges in his parallel universes
by Niven Kumar
The Galilean Library, 2007

Forgotten but Not Gone
by Eric Benson
Guernica, July 2011

Political Philosophy in Borges: Fallibility, Liberal Anarchism And Civic Ethics
by Alejandra Salinas

Borges, Courage, and Will” by Carter Wheelock

Jorge Luis Borges: Can a great writer be blind to the world around him? by Clive James

Meta-Borges: A Magyar Meditation on Masters, Maori and Meaning
by Patricia Fox
Variaciones Borges 4 (1997) p. 154-169
(Note Géza Ottlik, James Baldwin)

Norman Thomas di Giovanni

Bruno Bosteels
Professor of Spanish Literature, Cornell University

"Borges, Ethics, Politics," lecture, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C., July 13, 2006

Jorge Luis Borges @ Ĝirafo

Video & Audio

Spinoza - Spinozo - Jorge Luis Borges - English and Esperanto; English translation by Richard Howard & César Rennert, Esperanto translation by Julius Balbin; recited by / deklamis R. Dumain, Music by / muziko de Bosques de mi Mente (YouTube)

Jorge Luis Borges: The Mirror Man

Borges in Esperanto

Jorge Luis Borges en Esperanto

Borges in Ido

“La Biblioteko di Babel” da Jorge Luis Borges, tradukita da James Chandler [in Ido]
ĉe retejo International Auxiliary Languages de James Chandler: (aktuala retejo) aŭ reocities (malnova retejo)

On this site

Selected Non-fictions: Table of Contents by Jorge Luis Borges; Eliot Weinberger (ed.,tr.), Esther Allen (tr.), Suzanne Jill Levine (tr.)

"The Congress" by Jorge Luis Borges, , translated by Norman Thomas di Giovanni

Guayaquil” by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Norman Thomas di Giovanni

"Spinoza" poem by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Richard Howard & César Rennert

“Spinoza” by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Richard Howard & César Rennert, with Esperanto translation by Julius Balbin, recited by / deklamis / Ralph Dumain (sound file / sonregistraĵo)

Spinoza” by Jorge Luis Borges, translated by Yirmiyahu Yovel

"Baruch Spinoza" — poem by Jorge Luis Borges

"Descartes" by Jorge Luis Borges

"James Joyce" (poem) by Jorge Luis Borges

"Invocation to Joyce" by Jorge Luis Borges

Karel Čapek” [obituary in Spanish] by Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Luis Borges sobre Olaf Stapledon [reviews in Spanish from El Hogar & Sur (1937-40) & 1965 foreword]

Nota Preliminar (1945) de Jorge Luis Borges, prefacio de / preface to Pragmatismo [Pragmatism] de William James

On “The Congress” by Jorge Luis Borges: Observations and Questions
by Ralph Dumain

On “The Aleph” by Jorge Luis Borges: Observations and Questions
by Ralph Dumain

On “Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote” by Jorge Luis Borges
by Ralph Dumain

Borges Ironizing Idealism: I Dream Too Much
by Ralph Dumain

Borges blog entries [start in old blog]

Borges (1): “Borges, Politics and Ethics” lecture by Dr. Bruno Bosteels
Borges Revisited (2)
Borges Revisited (3): “Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote”
Borges Revisited (4): The Book of Sand
Borges Revisited (5): The Book of Sand (continued)
Borges Revisited (6): More Fictions
Borges Revisited (7): More Poems Online
Borges Revisited (8): Still More Poems
Borges Revisited (9): Essays
Borges Revisited (10): ‘Pierre Menard’: Philosophy or Literature?
Borges Revisited (11): More Essays: Lectures & Prologues
Borges Revisited (12): New Refutation of Time
Borges en Esperanto

Borges Revisited (14) [in new blog]

Witold Gombrowicz confronts (Polish) provincialism

Witold Gombrowicz on Jorge Luis Borges

Stanislaw Lem on Jorge Luis Borges (Borges 16)

Stanislaw Lem on Borges & genre

Review: Italo Calvino's If on a Winter's Night a Traveler by R. Dumain

An Ars Poetica? (excerpts) by Sergio Pitol

René Magritte à propos de Jorge Luis Borgès

Borges, Magritte, & Escher by Ralph Dumain

"‘Philosophy’ and ‘Literature’: Relationships of Genres and the Frontiers of Thought" by Ralph Dumain

Literary Theory, Philosophy, Genre, Borges et al Revisited by R. Dumain

Walter Benjamin and Ars Combinatoria by Ralph Dumain

A Taxonomy of Surreal Taxonomists by Prentiss Riddle

Borges’s Monsters & Ars Combinatoria by Lois Parkinson Zamora
    (excerpt from “Borges’s Monsters: Unnatural Wholes and the Transformation of Genre”)

Monsters of Enlightened Reason (excerpts: Borges & philosophical languages) by Malcolm K. Read

The Ideal Revolution: Romanticism and Its Legacy: V (Macedonio Fernández) by Malcolm K. Read

The Cyclical Night: Irony in James Joyce and Jorge Luis Borges by L. A. Murrilo

Engels (& Borges) on Carlyle

Macedonio: Selected Writings in Translation

From “Prologue to the Never-Seen” by Macedonio Fernández

The First Good Meta-Novel? by Ralph Dumain

Theoretical Fables: Conclusions (Excerpt) by Alicia Borinsky

Gustav Spiller Against the Fourth Dimension

"Popes, Kings & Cultural Studies: Placing the commitment to non-disciplinarity in historical context"
   by Karl Maton

Definition of ’Pataphysics by Alfred Jarry

Géza OTTLIK (1912 - 1990) Study Guide & Bibliography

Robert Zend (Hungarian-Canadian writer, 1929-1985): Dedications, Works, Links

Ways of Thinking (artificial intelligence, cognitive science, Hungarian literature) by László Mérő

On the General Characteristic” by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Leibniz on the Universal Characteristic

The Fantastic in Literature (excerpts) by Eric S. Rabkin

Der Golem” (1847) [in German] by Leopold Weisel, with bibliography & links

Jorge Luis Borges & Lucien Goldmann’s Genetic Structuralism

Ars Combinatoria Study Guide

Philosophical and Universal Languages, 1600-1800, and Related Themes: Selected Bibliography

Ramon Llull & His Influence: Select Bibliography & Web Guide

Leibniz & Ideology: Selected Bibliography

Irony in Philosophy, Romanticism, and Criticism: Selected Bibliography

Reflexivity & Situatedness Study Guide

Philosophical Style: Selected Bibliography

Gary Saul Morson: Genre, Utopia, Sideshadowing, Tempics, Prosaics, Parody, Misanthropology, Philosophy, Literary Theory, Borges: Select Bibliography

Italo Calvino: A Select Bibliography

Surrealism: Selected Links

Stéphane Mallarmé, Grand Oeuvre, Le Livre: Selected Resources in English

James Joyce: Special Topics: Bibliography, Links, Quotes

Exotica, Curiosa, Crankery, Hoaxes, Cultural & Intellectual Arcana: Selected Web Guide & Bibliography

Science Fiction & Utopia Research Resources: A Selective Work in Progress

Sciencfikcio & Utopia Literaturo en Esperanto / Science Fiction & Utopian Literature in Esperanto: Gvidilo / A Guide

Supplementary Bibliography

Borges, Jorge Luis. “E. S. Pankhurst, Delphos, or the Future of the International Language [review]” (1939), in Selected Non-Fictions, edited by Eliot Weinberger; translated by Esther Allen, Suzanne Jill Levine, and Eliot Weinberger (New York: Viking, 1999), pp. 194-195.

Borges takes up artificial language in later essays and stories. Projects, languages and figures mentioned here are: John Wilkins, Letellier, Volapük (Schleyer), Esperanto, Neutral Idiom, Interlingua (Peano), Dr. Henry Sweet, with a sample sentence in Idiom Neutral.

Borges, Jorge Luis. “For Bernard Shaw” / “A Note on (toward) Bernard Shaw”; in Other Inquisitions, 1937-1952, translated by Ruth L. C. Simms, introduction by James E. Irby (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964), pp. 163-166.

Borges, Jorge Luis. Miscelánea. Barcelona: Mondadori-DeBols!llo, 2011.

Collected reviews and essays, many not available in English translation. Note e.g. reviews of Karel Čapek, Christopher Caudwell, Jack Lindsay, Olaf Stapledon, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes. See also:

Jorge Luis Borges – Miscelánea

Borges, Jorge Luis. “Ramón Llull’s Thinking Machine” (1937), in Selected Non-Fictions, edited by Eliot Weinberger; translated by Esther Allen, Suzanne Jill Levine, and Eliot Weinberger (New York: Viking, 1999), pp. 155-159.

Borges assesses Llull's thinking machine (composed of movable disks enabling myriad combinations of elementary ideas) useless, an absurdity for philosophical purposes but perhaps useful as a literary device. Borges adduces two diagrams, the first a diagram of divine attributes, the second, of Llull's thinking machine. It unworkability is illustrated by Borges using one of his favorite symbols, a tiger. The device is ridiculed in Swift's Gulliver's Travels. Of the first diagram, Borges suggests that the theological subject matter would not be rewarding today.

We now know that the concepts of goodness, greatness, wisdom, power, and glory are incapable of engendering an appreciable revelation. We (who are basically no less naive than Llull) would load the machine differently, no doubt with the words Entropy, Time, Electrons, Potential Energy, Fourth Dimension, Relativity, Protons, Einstein. Or with Surplus Value, Proletariat, Capitalism, Class Struggle, Dialectical Materialism, Engels. [157]

Borinsky, Alicia. Theoretical Fables: The Pedagogical Dream in Contemporary Latin American Fiction. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993. See especially chapters 1: An Apprenticeship in Reading: Macedonio Fernández, pp. 1-16; 2: Taming the Reader: Jorge Luis Borges, pp. 17-33. See also Theoretical Fables: Conclusions (Excerpt).

The Cardinal Points of Borges, edited by Lowell Dunham and Ivar Ivask. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971. (Special issue of Books Abroad)

Table of Contents:

Illustrations (in book):

King, John. Sur: A Study of the Argentine Literary Journal and Its Role in the Development of a Culture, 1931-1970. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

King, John. “Towards a Reading of the Argentine Literary Magazine Sur,” Latin American Research Review, vol. 16, no. 2 (1981), pp. 57-78.

Lem, Stanislaw. “Unitas Oppositorum: The Prose of Jorge Luis Borges,” in Microworlds: Writings on Science Fiction and Fantasy, edited by Franz Rottensteiner (New York: Harvest / HBJ, 1986), pp. 233-242. See also Stanislaw Lem on Jorge Luis Borges (Borges 16).

Ogden, Thomas H. “Borges and the Art of Mourning,” Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 10 (1): 65–88, 2000. Full text available to subscribers at Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing. Also in Conversations at the Frontier of Dreaming, partly readable at Google books.

Stavans, Ilan. “Borges and the Future,” Science Fiction Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1, March 1990, pp. 77-83. Abstract only. Full text at JSTOR. On Lem on Borges.

Thinking with Borges, edited by William Egginton and David E. Johnson, editors. Aurora, CO: Davies Group, Publishers, 2009.

Borges & Marxism, Some Marxist Critiques

Borges, Jorge Luis. [Review:] “Jack Lindsay, A Short History of Culture. Victor Gollancz”; Sur [Buenos Aires], Ańo IX, nş 60, septiembre, 1939, pp. 66-67; also in Borges en Sur (1931-1980); reprinted in Borges, Miscelánea (Barcelona: Mondadori-DeBols!llo, 2011), pp. 575-76.

Borges, Jorge Luis. [Review:] “Studies in a Dying Culture, de Christopher Caudwell”; El Hogar, 24 Feb. 1939; reprinted in Borges, Miscelánea (Barcelona: Mondadori-DeBols!llo, 2011), p. 1042.

Duayer, Mario. "Unlikely Afffinities: J. L. Borges, Kuhn, Lakatos and Ontological Critique," in Georg Lukács and the Possibility of Critical Social Ontology, edited by Michael J. Thompson (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2020), pp. 267-288.

Franco, Jean. “The Utopia of a Tired Man,” Social Text, no. 4, Autumn, 1981, pp. 52-78.

Johnson, Matt. ‘“Menos documental que imaginativo”: Althusserianism and the Rehabilitation of Borges on the Argentine Left,’ Variaciones Borges 47, April 2019.

Matamoro, Blas. Jorge Luis Borges o el juego trascendente, preface by Juan José Sebreli. Buenos Aires: A. Peña Lillo, 1971.

Macherey, Pierre. Theory of Literary Production, translated from the French by Geoffrey Wall, with a new introduction by Terry Eagleton and a new afterword by the author. London; New York: Routledge, 2006 (1978, orig. French 1966). See Chapter 22: Borges and the Fictive Narrative, pp. 278-287.

Read, Malcolm K. Jorge Luis Borges and His Predecessors, Or, Notes Towards a Materialist History of Linguistic Idealism. Chapel Hill: U.N.C. Dept. of Romance Languages, 1993. (North Carolina Studies in the Romance Languages & Literatures; 242). See also:

Chapter III: Monsters of Enlightened Reason (excerpts: Borges & philosophical languages)
Chapter IV: The Ideal Revolution: Romanticism and Its Legacy: section V (Macedonio Fernández)

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