What is national character? Bad habits.
SOURCE: Madách, Imre. Össszes Művei [Collected Works], Vol. II (Budapest: Révai, 1942), p. 757.
Szegedy-Maszák, Mihály. “From Enlightenment Universalism to Romantic Nationalism,” Hungarian Studies 14, No. 2 (2000), pp. 181-192.
In the pre-revolutionary decade, Madách himself wrote historical tragedies about medieval Hungary — Nápolyi Endre (Andrew of Naples), Mária királynő (Queen Mary), and Csák végnapjai (The Last Days of Csák) - whereas in the post-revolutionary period his chief aim became to give some interpretation of human history as a whole, having realized that the idea of national character, a concept at the basis of most historical tragedies written in the first half of the 19th century, was invalidated by Positivist science.
Szegedy-Maszák, Mihály. “Romantic Drama in Hungary,” in Hungarian Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, 1988, pp. 195-212. Quote referenced on p. 203. Also in Romantic Drama, edited by Gerald Gillespie (Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1994), pp. 297-315.
The Tragedy of Man by Imre Madách, translated by George Szirtes
Claudio Magris on identity, origins, ghettoes, provincialism, Kafka
Witold Gombrowicz on Jorge Luis Borges
Witold Gombrowicz confronts (Polish) provincialism
unu libroj, kiujn vi neniam legos de István Ertl
[In Esperanto, on Temesis provincialism]
Science Fiction, Utopia, and Alienation
in the Work of Imre Madách, György Lukács, and Other Hungarian Writers:
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