(Or, Why Marx & Not Nietzsche)
compiled by Ralph Dumain
Key Critiques on the Net
On this site:
Dumain, Ralph. Anti-Nietzsche (1), posted 30 July 2006.
Dumain, Ralph. James Bond and Philosophy (Review), 18-19 March 2014.
Dumain, Ralph. Nietzsche & the Analytic-Continental Divide: Denouement of Bourgeois Reason; Or, Analytical Philosophy's Being-for-Death (2004/2008).
Dumain, Ralph. On Geoffrey Waite on Esoterism, Heidegger, and Cassirer (2008/2010).
Dumain, Ralph. The Owl of Minerva: The Evolution of German Ideology Critique and Social Theory from Hegel to Nietzsche: A Sketch (2005).
Gedö, András. “The Contemporary Attack on Science”, Nature, Society, and Thought, vol. 3, no. 2, 1990, pp. 179-195.
Gedö, András. "Why Marx or Nietzsche?", Nature, Society, and Thought, vol. 11, no. 3, 1998, pp. 331-346.
Georg Lukács on Relativism, Feuerbach, Nietzsche & Spengler, excerpt from III: The Standpoint of the Proletariat, section 5 of “Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat” (1923), in History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics, translated by Rodney Livingstone (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1971), p. 187.
LaValley, Albert J. Carlyle and the Idea of the Modern: Studies in Carlyles Prophetic Literature and its Relation to Blake, Nietzsche, Marx, and Others. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968. Table of contents & extracts.
The Metaphysics of Tragedy: Excerpts by Georg Lukács, p. 158.
Adorno by Maire Jaanus Kurrik
Witold Gombrowicz confronts (Polish) provincialism
Witold Gombrowicz: Philosophy in 6 1/4 hours (1)
Witold Gombrowicz on Existentialism (1956)
“Studies in a Dying Culture” (old blog) July 2006.
On other sites:
Dombowsky, Don. Remarks on Deleuze’s “Pensée nomade”: Politics, Tactics and the Philosophy of Law. 2006.
Goldner, Loren. Ontological "Difference" and the Neo-Liberal War on the Social: Deconstruction and Deindustrialization, 2001.
Lukacs, Georg. The Destruction of Reason. Translated by Peter Palmer. London: The Merlin Press, 1980. See Nietzsche as Founder of Irrationalism in the Imperialist Period (Chapter III).
hundred years since the death of Friedrich Nietzsche: a review of his
ideas and influence—Part 1
By Stefan Steinberg
20 October 2000
One hundred years since the death of Friedrich Nietzsche: a review of his ideas and influence--Part 2
[21 October 2000]
One hundred years since the death of Friedrich Nietzsche: a review of his ideas and influence--Part 3
[23 October 2000]
Nicolás Alberto González Varela (in Spanish):
Mosca Cojonera (blog)
Nietzsche y la Commune de Paris (Rebelión, 03-09-2008),
Nietzsche y la política, I. Entrevista (Sin Permiso, 31/08/08)
Nietzsche’s Marginal Children: On Friedrich Hayek by Corey Robin, The Nation, May 27, 2013
Malcolm Christ, or the Anti-Nietzsche, Ross Wolfe, The Charnel House, January 25, 2013. See also other entries on Nietzsche.
Anti-Dühring and Anti-Christ, I: Marx, Engels, and Nietzsche on equality and morality
Anti-Dühring and Anti-Christ, II: Freedom to become
Nietzsche through the Lens of Nazism and Marxism (Mazzino Montinari: Reading Nietzsche.West Berlin, 1982)
Other links of interest on this site:
“To Spinoza” by Friedrich Nietzsche
Crisis Consciousness in
by András Gedö; see esp.:
Chapter 1: "Two Aspects of Bourgeois Crisis Consciousness"
Chapter 2: "The Contemporary Crisis in Bourgeois Philosophy"
2. Life Philosophy (Lebensphilosophie)
"The Historical Character of the Concept of Nature" by András Gedö
Existentialism by Georg Lukács
Georg Lukacs on Nazism & Irrationalism: The Unity of Cynicism & Credulity
"On Unreflective Reflexivity" by R. Dumain
"A Note on My Dialectic" by Jack Lindsay
Review: Michael Mack, German Idealism and the Jew by R. Dumain
András Gedö Vita (Bibliography)
Georg Lukács’ The Destruction of Reason: Selected Bibliography
Neo-Kantianism, Its History, Influence, and Relation to Socialism: Selected Secondary Bibliography
Positivism vs Life Philosophy (Lebensphilosophie) Study Guide
Books on Nietzsche & His Influence, Race, & Fascism
Ansell-Pearson, Keith. An Introduction to Nietzsche as Political Thinker: The Perfect Nihilist. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Contents. Publisher description. Sample text (including Introduction).
Appel, Fredrick. Nietzsche contra Democracy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999.
Aschheim, Steven E. The Nietzsche Legacy in Germany: 1890 - 1990. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Bull, Malcolm. Anti-Nietzsche. Verso, October, 2011.
Conway, Daniel W. Nietzsche and the Political. London: Routledge, 1997.
Diethe, Carol. Nietzsche's Sister and the Will to Power: A Biography of Elisabeth Foerster-Nietzsche. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003.
Dombowsky, Don. Nietzsche’s Machiavellian Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Publisher description.
Emden, Christian J. Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of History. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. (Ideas in Context; 88) Table of contents. Publisher description.
Golomb, Jacob, ed. Nietzsche and Jewish Culture. New York: Routledge, 1997.
Landa, Ishay. The Overman in the Marketplace: Nietzschean Heroism in Popular Culture. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2007. Table of contents. Publisher information.
Nielsen, Carsten Fogh. Review - The Overman in the Marketplace: Nietzschean Heroism in Popular Culture, Metapsychology Online Reviews, volume 12, issue 24, June 10, 2008.
LaValley, Albert J. Carlyle and the Idea of the Modern: Studies in Carlyles Prophetic Literature and its Relation to Blake, Nietzsche, Marx, and Others. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.
Lemm, Vanessa. Nietzsche's Animal Philosophy: Culture, Politics, and the Animality of the Human Being. New York: Fordham University Press, 2009. (Probably a reactionary but instructive book.)
Losurdo, Domenico. Nietzsche, il ribelle aristocratico: Biografia intellettuale e bilancio critico [Nietzsche, the Aristocratic Rebel: Intellectual Biorgaphy and Critical Assessment]. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 2002.
MacIntyre, Ben. Forgotten Fatherland: The Search for Elisabeth Nietzsche. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1992.
Mandel, Siegfried. Nietzsche & The Jews: Exaltation & Denigration. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1998.
Nietzsche, Godfather of Fascism?: On the Uses and Abuses of a Philosophy, edited by Jacob Golomb and Robert S. Wistrich. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002. See publisher description & table of contents.
Ratner-Rosenhagen, Jennifer. American Nietzsche: A History of an Icon and His Ideas. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press, 2012.
Rosenthal, Bernice Glatzer. New Myth, New World: From Nietzsche to Stalinism. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002. See table of contents.
Santaniello, Weaver. Nietzsche, God, and the Jews: His Critique of Judeo-Christianity in Relation to the Nazi Myth. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.
Stone, Dan. Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain. Liverpool : Liverpool University Press, 2002. See publisher description & table of contents.
Strong, Tracy B. Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of Transfiguration. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.
Taylor, Seth. Left-wing Nietzscheans: The Politics of German Expressionism, 1910-1920. Berlin; New York: W. de Gruyter, 1990. (Monographien und Texte zur Nietzsche-Forschung; Bd. 22)
Thomas, R. Hinton. Nietzsche in German Politics and Society, 1890-1918. Manchester, UK; Dover, NH: Manchester University Press, 1983.
Wolin, Richard. The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism: From Nietzsche to Postmodernism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. See publisher description & table of contents.
Yovel, Yirmiahu. Dark Riddle: Hegel, Nietzsche, and the Jews. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998.
Essays on Nietzsche, Race, Class, Inequality & Fascism
Aronowitz, Stanley. “Georg Lukács’ Destruction of Reason,” in Georg Lukács Reconsidered: Critical Essays in Politics, Philosophy and Aesthetics; edited by Michael J. Thompson (London; New York: Continuum, 2011), pp. 50-64.
Aschheim, Stephen E. "Nietzschean Socialism—Left and Right, 1890-1933," Journal of Contemporary History, 23 (April 1988), pp. 147-168.
Birns, Nicholas. "Ressentiment & Counter-Ressentiment: Nietzsche, Scheler, and the Reaction Against Equality" (2005). 37 pp.
Brobjer, Thomas H. ”Nietzsche’s Knowledge of Marx and Marxism,” Nietzsche-Studien, 2002, pp. 298–320.
Bull, Malcolm. "Where is the Anti-Nietzsche?" New Left Review, new series, no. 3, May-June 2000, pp. 121-145.
INTRODUCTION: Opposed to everyone, Nietzsche has met with remarkably little opposition. In fact, his reputation has suffered only one apparent reverse—his enthusiastic adoption by the Nazis. But, save in Germany, Nietzsche’s association with the horrors of the Second World War and the Holocaust has served chiefly to stimulate further curiosity. Of course, the monster has had to be tamed, and Nietzsche’s thought has been cleverly reconstructed so as perpetually to evade the evils perpetrated in his name. Even those philosophies for which he consistently reserved his most biting contempt—socialism, feminism and Christianity—have sought to appropriate their tormentor. Almost everybody now claims Nietzsche as one of their own; he has become what he most wanted to be—irresistible.
Cohen, Jonathan R. "Nietzsche's Elitism and the Cultural Division of Labor," in Rending and Renewing the Social Order; Hudson, Yeager (ed.) (Lewiston: Mellen Press, 1996).
ABSTRACT: Some have recently tried to show Nietzsche to be egalitarian, despite his infamous elitism. The truth, however, lies between: Nietzsche outlines (in "Human, All-Too-Human") a division of labor between society's productive members, well-ensconced in their culture, and its "avant-garde", the free spirits. The latter contribute innovative ideas which become the trelliswork on which a society's culture grows; without them there would be stagnation. Nietzsche's elitism is a calculated strategy to promote the development of this "avant-garde"; the egalitarian elements in his work reflect the fact that the hierarchy envisioned is neither exclusive in its membership nor limited in its benefits.
Dietzgen, Eugene. An Illustration of the Proletarian Method of Research and Conception of the World. Max Stirner and Joseph Dietzgen (March 1905), in Some of the Philosophical Essays on Socialism and Science, Religion, Ethics, Critique-of-reason and the World-at-large by Joseph Dietzgen (Chicago: Charles Kerr & Co., 1906), pp. 35-77. Translated by Ernest Untermann, slightly improved by Richard O. Hamill and Svein O. G. Nyberg (Edinburgh 1998).
Dombowsky, Don. ‘A Response to Alan D. Schrift’s “Nietzsche for Democracy?”,’ Nietzsche-Studien, 2002, pp. 278–290.
Franklin, A. Todd. "The Political Implications of Nietzsche's Aristocratic Radicalism," Southern Journal of Philosophy, vol. 37, supplement, pp. 143-50.
Grünberg, Ludwig. "Nietzsche versus Marx in Modern Culture," in Crisis and Consciousness, edited by Ralph M. Faris (Amsterdam: B. R. Grüner Publishing Co., 1977), pp. 33-54.
Holub, Robert C. Nietzsche: Socialist, Anarchist, Feminist.
Landa, Ishay. Aroma and Shadow: Marx vs. Nietzsche on Religion, Nature, Society, and Thought, vol. 18, no. 4, Octobrt 2005, pp. 461-499. The latest [as of April 2007], and a must-read!
Landa, Ishay. "James Bond: A Nietzschean for the Cold War," in James Bond and Philosophy: Questions Are Forever, edited by Jacob M. Held and James B. South (Chicago: Open Court, 2006), pp. 79-93. (Popular culture and Philosophy; v. 23) Publisher description. Table of contents.
Landa, Ishay. "Nietzsche and African American Thought: A Review Essay," Nature, Society, and Thought, vol. 19, no. 3, 2006, pp. 366-378. The latest critique of academic charlatanism, i.e.of Critical Affinities: Nietzsche and African American Thought, edited by Jacqueline Scott & A. Todd Franklin.
Landa, Ishay. "Nietzsche, the Chinese Worker’s Friend," New Left Review I/236, July-August 1999, pp. 3-23.
Lebovic, Nitzan. Dionysian Politics and The Discourse of "Rausch", Working Papers, UCLA Center for European and Eurasian Studies, UCLA International Institute, UC Los Angeles, 12-20-2004.
Mehring, Franz. "Nietzsche gegen den Sozialismus" (1897) [Nietzsche against socialism], in Gesammelte Werke, ed. Thomas Höhle, Hans Koch, and Josef Schleifstein (Berlin, GDR: Dietz Verlag, 1961), 13: 167-172. See also translated quote: Franz Mehring on Nietzsche vs. Socialism.
Mehring, Franz. “Philosophy and Philosophizing” (1909), translated by Rubin Gotesky, Marxist Quarterly, April-June 1937, pp. 293-297. Originally published: Die Neue Zeit, Vol. XXVII, No. 1, 1909.
Mehring, Franz. Review of Kurt Eisner’s ‘Psychopathia Spiritualis’, Neue Zeit, Yr. X, Vol. II, pp. 668-669.
Mehring, Franz. “Über Nietzsche” (1899), in Gesammelte Werke, ed. Thomas Höhle, Hans Koch, and Josef Schleifstein (Berlin, GDR: Dietz Verlag, 1961), 13: 173-183.
Mehring, Franz. Zur Philosophie und Poesie des Kapitalismus (1891), in Gesammelte Werke, X, III (Berlin: Dietz Verlag, 1961), pp. 159-166.
Mikhailov, A. V. Nietzsche, Friedrich, in The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979) (The Gale Group, Inc., 2010).
Owen, David. Nietzsche and the Frankfurt School, in Routledge Companion to the Frankfurt School, edited by Peter E. Gordon, Espen Hammer, Axel Honneth (New York: Routledge, 2018), pp. 251-265.
Plekhanov, G. V. “Art and Social Life,” in Unaddressed Letters. Art and Social Life, translated from the Russian by A. Fineberg (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1957), Chapter III.
Pourgouris, Marinos C. “Nietzsche contra Lukács,” Nietzsche-Studien, 2002, pp. 241–252.
Rehmann, Jan. “Re-Reading Nietzsche with Domenico Losurdo’s Intellectual Biography” [review article], Historical Materialism 15 (2007) 1–60.
Rehmann, Jan. “Towards a Deconstruction of Postmodernist Neo-Nietzscheanism: Deleuze and Foucault,” Situations: Project of the Radical Imagination, Vol 2, No 1, 2007, pp. 7-16.
Roche, Mark W. "National Socialism and the Disintegration of Values: Reflections on Nietzsche, Rosenberg, and Broch," Journal of Value Inquiry. 26(3) (1992): 367-380.
ABSTRACT: Nietzsche's perspectivism is logically incoherent and passes over into power positivism. The philosopher of National Socialism, Alfred Rosenberg, is shown to share Nietzsche's position. National Socialism arises not from an absolute philosophy but from a relativistic position that has passed over into power positivism: because there are no universal truths, one subject or group of subjects has the right to assert its irrational truths over others. A literary analogue is evident in Broch's "The Sleepwalkers", where we see the development from an undermining of truth (Bertrand) to the arbitrary assertion of truth (Esch) and the arbitrary assertion of power (Huguenau).
Serge, Victor. A Critical Essay on Nietzsche, translated by Mitchell Abidor, based on the French original. Originally appeared in the Spanish anarchist newspaper Tierra y Libertad 359-69, August-December 1917.
Stack, George J. "Marx And Nietzsche: A Point of Affinity," Modern Schoolman, 60 (1983): 247-263:
ABSTRACT: Despite Nietzsche's well-deserved reputation for anti-communism, anti-socialism and his critique of democratic values, in his earlier writings, especially "Schopenhauer as educator", "Dawn", and "Human, All Too Human", he criticized what could be called the German "military-industrial complex," criticized his age for its social atomism, and lambasted the excesses of the capitalist class. an attempt is made to show that he was familiar with the main ideas of Marx through F A Lange and E Duhring. From time to time, he expresses Marxian socialist sentiments which reflect his indirect familiarity with the central ideas of Marx.
Thomas, Peter. "Over-Man and the Commune," New Left Review, new series, no. 31, January-February 2005, pp. 137-144. (Review of: Domenico Losurdo, Nietzsche, il ribelle aristocratico & Jan Rehmann, Postmoderner Links-Nietzscheanismus: Deleuze und Foucault; eine Dekonstruktion.)
INTRODUCTION: Few thinkers have enjoyed such widespread appeal over the last forty years as Nietzsche. The instrumentalization of the Nazi period seemingly left behind—Lukács’s dissenting voice notwithstanding—Nietzsche’s almost Heraclitean metaphors and images, visceral incarnations of some mythological wisdom which always seems to be in excess of itself, have fascinated theorists from the whole range of the political spectrum. For some, such as Kaufmann and Rorty, Nietzsche dissolved philosophy into an aesthetic play and a relativism entirely in accord with, but lying beyond, the values of the liberal democracies. For others—in the so-called ‘New Nietzsche’ emerging from post-war France—his critique of the overweening pretensions of the western philosophical tradition seemed to offer the possibility to begin philosophy again, as a post-philosophy. While this current of interpretation was not too shy to appropriate some of Nietzsche’s concepts for a radical critique of contemporary bourgeois society—one thinks in the first instance of Foucault, Derrida and Deleuze—its presupposition was that Nietzsche himself was an essentially apolitical philosopher, an innocent victim of right-wing distortion whose ‘indeterminacy’ permitted an attempt to expropriate him for the Left.
Trotsky, Leon. “On the Philosophy of the Superman” (1900) translated from the French by Mitchell Abidor, 2011. Originally appeared in Vostochnoye Obozriene, nos. 284, 286, 287, 289; December 22, 24, 25, 30 1900.
Edited version of above with a Preface by Alex Steiner and Andrew River, Oct. 29, 2011.
Waite, Geoff. “The Politics of Reading Formations: The Case of Nietzsche in Imperial Germany (1870-1919),” New German Critique, no. 29, Spring - Summer, 1983, pp. 185-209.
Waite, Geoff. “Radio Nietzsche, or, How to Fall Short of Philosophy,” in Gadamer's Repercussions: Reconsidering Philosophical Hermeneutics, edited by Bruce Krajewski (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004), pp. 169-211.
Wiggershaus, Rolf. “The Frankfurt School’s ‘Nietzschean Moment’,” Constellations, Volume 8, No 1, 2001, pp. 144-147.
Wilson, James. “Nietzsche and Equality,” in Nietzsche and Ethics, edited by Gudrun von Tevenar (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2007), pp. 221-240.
Liebscher, Martin. Review: Gudrun von Tevenar (Ed.). Nietzsche and Ethics, The Journal of Nietzsche Studies, no. 35/36 (2007). (Note hatchet job on Wilson.)
Winchester, James. "Nietzsche's Racial Profiling," in Race and Racism in Modern Philosophy, edited by Andrew Valls (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005), chapter 13. See also my comments in my New Year's Resolution: Exploring Philosophical Cultures (Dec. 2003 - Jan. 2004).
Miscellaneous Books of Interest on Nietzsche
Nietzsche and Science, edited by Gregory Moore and Thomas H. Brobjer. Aldershot, Hants, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2003.
Nietzsche, Theories of Knowledge, and Critical Theory: Nietzsche and the Sciences I, edited by Babette E. Babich; in cooperation with Robert S. Cohen. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science; v. 203)
Nietzsche, Epistemology, and Philosophy of Science: Nietzsche and the Sciences II , edited by Babette E. Babich; in cooperation with Robert S. Cohen. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science; v. 204)
Babich, Babette E. Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Science: Reflecting Science on the Ground of Art and Life. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.
Diethe, Carol. Historical Dictionary of Nietzscheanism. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2014. (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements; 75)
Houlgate, Stephen. Hegel, Nietzsche, and the Criticism of Metaphysics. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Contents.
Panaioti, Antoine. Nietzsche and Buddhist Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Parkes, Graham, ed. Nietzsche and Asian Thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. See publisher description & table of contents.
Sloterdijk, Peter. Thinker on Stage: Nietzsche’s Materialism; translation by Jamie Owen Daniel; foreword by Jochen Schulte-Sasse. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989.
Waite, Geoff. Nietzsche’s Corps/E: Aesthetics, Politics, Prophecy, or, The Spectacular Technoculture of Everyday Life. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.
Other Essays of Interest on Nietzsche
Babich, Babette E. "On the Analytic-Continental Divide in Philosophy: Nietzsche's Lying Truth, Heidegger's Speaking Language, and Philosophy," in A House Divided: Comparing Analytic and Continental Philosophy, edited by C. G. Prado (Amherst, NY: Humanity Books, 2003), pp. 63-104.
Tramuta, Marie-José. Expression and Translation of Philosophy: Giorgio Colli, a Master of Time, in The Translator as Mediator of Cultures, edited by Humphrey Tonkin and Maria Esposito Frank (Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2010), pp. 161-168.
Giorgio Colli - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bukharin, Nikolai. “Mad Prophet (Friedrich Nietzsche),” in The Prison Poems of Nikolai Bukharin: Transformation of the World (Verse about the Ages, and about People), translated by George Shriver (Seagull Books, Calcutta India, 2009), pp. 239-240.
Nietzsche, Friedrich. “To Spinoza,” translated by Yirmiyahu Yovel, in Spinoza and Other Heretics: The Adventures of Immanence [v. 2] (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989), p. 132. Original published in Nietzsche, Werke [Leipzig: Kröner, 1919], 8: 369.
Other Works of Possible Relevance
Williams, Raymond. The Politics of Modernism: Against the New Conformists, edited and introduced by Tony Pinkney. London; New York: Verso, 1989.
Selected Nietzsche Resources on the Net
The Nietzsche Channel
Nietzsche Hauptseite (some in English)
Friedrich Nietzsche Society
The Mole (blog)
Brian Leiter's Nietzsche Blog
New Nietzsche Studies
INDEX OF ARTICLES: 1996 – 2006
Journal of Nietzsche Studies
Nietzsche: A Selected Annotated Bibliography (2007)
(7/29/2006, rev. 8/6/06, 8/22/06, 4/5/07, 11/13/07, 11/18/07, 3/30/08, 5/15/08, 7/11/08, 11/21/08, 12/30/08, 5/7/09, 7/21/09, 1/31/10, 6/18/10, 7/5/10, 8/9/10, 7/23/11, 9/24/11, 9/28/11, 11/6/11. 11/9/11, 12/15/11, 1/9/12, 1/15-16/12, 10/22/12, 6/4/13, 3/19/14, 5/28/14, 7/1/14, 8/14/15, 12/9/17, 3/25/18, 1/12/19, 1/21/19, 1/26/19, 2/3/19, 2/17/19, 2/25/19, 3/3/19)
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Uploaded 29 July 2006
Last update 3 March 2019
Previous update 25 February 2019
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