Marx & Engels on the Science of History

We know only a single science, the science of history. One can look at history from two sides and divide it into the history of nature and the history of men. The two sides are, however, inseparable; the history of nature and the history of men are dependent on each other so long as men exist. The history of nature, called natural science, does not concern us here; but we will have to examine the history of men, since almost the whole ideology amounts either to a distorted conception of this history or to a complete abstraction from it. Ideology is itself only one of the aspects of this history.

Marx, Karl; Engels, Frederick. The German Ideology, 3rd rev. ed. (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1976), p. 34f. (Collected Works; vol. 5) From vol. 1, chapter 1, Feuerbach, section I.1.

Note: This famous passage is crossed out in the original manuscript, and thus appears as a footnote in the printed edition of the Collected Works. It is sometimes omitted both in print and in online form.

Science, Society, and Life:
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from the Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of Karl Marx (1844)

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See section Marx's Third Way

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The Philosophy of Theory and Practice: Selected Bibliography

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